What causes laryngitis?
Swelling of the vocal cords prevents them from coming together properly, which causes a change in the voice.
What can you do to prevent and treat mild hoarseness?
- If you smoke, quit.
- Avoid substances that dehydrate the body, such as alcohol and caffeine. Avoid secondhand smoke.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Humidify your home.
- Watch your diet - avoid spicy foods.
- Try not to use your voice too long or too loudly.
- Seek professional voice training.
- Avoid speaking or singing when your voice is injured or hoarse.
Are there specific risk factors for head and neck cancer?
- Ninety percent of head and neck cancers arise after prolonged exposure to specific factors:
- For cancers of the mouth and throat, including the larynx (voice box), these include tobacco (cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, and snuff) and alcohol.
- For cancers of the skin, prolonged exposure to sunlight is a major factor.
What are the symptoms of tonsillitis?
- Swelling of the tonsils
- Redder than normal tonsils
- A white or yellow coating on the tonsils
- A slight voice change due to swelling
- Sore throat
- Uncomfortable or painful swallowing
- Swollen lymph nodes (glands) in the neck
- Bad breath
What are the symptoms of enlarged adenoids?
- Breathing through the mouth instead of the nose most of the time
- Nose sounds "blocked" when the person speaks
- Noisy breathing during the day
- Recurrent ear infections
- Snoring at night
- Breathing stops for a few seconds at night during snoring or loud breathing (sleep apnea)
When is the removal of tonsils and/or adenoids recommended?
The two primary reasons for removal of tonsils and/or adenoids are recurrent infection despite antibiotic therapy and difficulty breathing due to enlarged tonsils and/or adenoids. Removal of adenoids is also a beneficial treatment for some children with fluid in the middle ear.